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Vulvar varicosities are varicose veins (dilated veins) that form on the outer surface of the female genitals, called the vulva. Vulvar varicosities are not just uncomfortable but can also be very painful. Vulvar varicosities most commonly affect pregnant women. However, on rare occasions, they may be seen in others.
During pregnancy there are several factors that contribute to the formation of vulvar varicosities:
All of these factors can result in blood pooling within the vulva leading to vulvar varicosities. Other contributing factors to vulvar varicosities can include obesity, ageing, genetics, trauma, and injury to the pelvis. Prolonged sitting or standing can also contribute to vulvar varicosities.
Vulvar varicosities can occur alone or be associated with lower limb varicose veins or pelvic congestion syndrome.
Vulvar varicosities may be asymptomatic. However, common symptoms include:
Vulvar varicosities can be diagnosed through a physical examination by a vein specialist. An ultrasound may be required to assess for associated venous reflux within pelvic veins and/or lower limbs.
In the majority of cases, vulvar varicosities will resolve after pregnancy. However, if the varicosity is persistent post-pregnancy, treatment may be required. Treatment aims to address the appearance and symptoms of the vulvar varicosity as well as the underlying cause.
Treatment options include:
If you’re suffering from any of the symptoms described above, it is important that you have a consultation with a vein specialist. Prolonging your diagnosis can result in the worsening of symptoms.
At Vein Doctors Sydney, we are experienced in the diagnosis and treatment of vulvar varicosities. We will be able to discuss the treatment options and recommend/provide a treatment plan tailored to your specific condition.
This consultation is the perfect way for you to learn about what we can do to help you become free of the pain and discomfort of your varicose veins. From start to finish a consultation takes about 45 minutes and the valuable information you will receive will enable you to make important healthcare decisions about your varicose veins.